May 24, 2021
Sectional Properties Act - Silvana & Associates

The Sectional Properties Act 2020

On 28 December 2020, the Sectional Properties Act, 1987 (the Repealed Act) was repealed and replaced with the Sectional Properties Act, 2020 (the New Act) which now aligns with the Constitution, 2010 and the 2012 Land Laws. It is an improvement from the 1987 Act. The Act applies in respect to land held on a freehold title or on a […]
May 24, 2021
Key Contracts in Mobile Applications - Silvana & Associates

Key Contracts in Mobile Applications and Software Development

INTRODUCTION The needed importance of identifying the contracts that are essential in the development of mobile apps includes: The number of mobile apps downloads worldwide has significantly increased and the figures are constantly increasing The legal disputes on IP are expensive The loss of reputation and user confidence The loss in business value on future sales in negotiations The loss […]
May 17, 2021
Utility concept

Utility Model

DEFINITION Utility model means any form, configuration or disposition of element of some appliance, utensil, tool, electrical and electronic circuitry, instrument, handicraft mechanism or other object or any part of the same allowing a better or different functioning, use, or manufacture of the subject matter or that gives some utility, advantage, environmental benefit, saving or technical effect not available in […]
May 17, 2021
Mobile Apps

Protection of Mobile Apps in Kenya

The increased use of smartphones and improved internet penetration have seen an increase in the use of mobile applications (mobile apps) worldwide. The development of apps related to financial technology (Fintech) has had a positive impact on the financial services industry in Kenya and the region. Kenya, being the origin of mobile money thanks to mobile money services such as […]
May 17, 2021

Permits in Kenya

Permits are part of immigration services in Kenya and are handled by the Department of Immigration Services located at Nyayo House Kenyatta Avenue/ Uhuru Highway. All documents submitted must be in English / or translated to English by relevant embassies or authorised organizations. For all government contracts the following should be presented in addition to other requirements; A valid signed […]
May 17, 2021


Section 2 of the Partnerships Act, 2012 defines a partnership as “… the relationship which exists between persons who carry on business in common with a view to making profit” Types: There are three types of partnerships: General/ordinary partnership Limited partnership Limited liability partnerships 1. General Partnership It is created by default. Unlike a corporation, there is no need to […]
May 17, 2021

Immigration Passes Issued in Kenya

DEPENDANT’S PASS This pass is issued to individuals whose spouse, parent, or guardian is lawfully entitled to enter Kenya. Dependency can also be in an instance whereby reason of disability or incapacity, an individual depends on someone to maintain themselves adequately. They are issued to the dependants of Kenya Citizens, Permit holders, Exempted Persons and Permanent Residents. Exempted Persons mean […]
May 17, 2021
Taxes payable

Taxes Payable by LLCs

When starting up a business, proprietors must note that all income is taxable as per the tax laws of the country in which they operate. Business income is no exception. A business person needs to ask himself a few questions in this regard: What different types of taxes do I need to pay How is each type of tax applicable […]